Robot History Returns to 350 BC, when the Greek mathematician

, Archduke, managed to build a mechanical bird using steam.

This was the first human effort to make automatic tools.

Most of the robotics work was done in the twentieth century,

both in story and in real life. In 1921, a Czech writer named

Karl Kapek wrote the play “Roscom’s Robot Factory”. Robot is a

word in the Czech language, which means

forced labor. For the first time the term “robot” was officially used in this play.

Figure above: Part of the theater scene of the Roscom Robot Factory (1921)

Isaac Asimov brought the trio of robotics to explain what

robot is saying and what good it is. He is not a scientist, a

writer who has written numerous short stories about bots

between the 1940s and 1950s. It was also

praised for the invention of the word “robot”. Below are the three laws of Asimov:

A robot must not cause a person to be harmed by committing or refusing to do so.
The robot must follow the commands of humans.
The robot must maintain its existence.


Figure above: Isaac Asimov (1920-1992)

An example of Isaac Asimov’s books:

In 1940 Westinghouse produced a dog called Sparkco, which was

used for the first time in both mechanical and electrical parts.

In the 1950s, with the advancement of computer technology,

the control industry was transformed. One of the first bots was

the Hidden Mafia robots made by George Dowell and Joe

Engelbler in the 1950s and 1960s. Engelbler founded the

first RoboBand robotic company, and he himself is now the father

of robotic science. In 1948 and 1949, William Gray Walter, who

worked at the Bristol Institute for Neuropsychology, was able to

invent two automatic robots named Elmer and Elsey. They both

looked like turtle shapes and used three wheels to move. Each time

their battery is low, they charge themselves to the nearest

station. One of the most important tasks of smart robots is to

take care of themselves. In the 1970s, there were other smart

robots. The individual and the second person created it

by placing several wooden blocks and different rings using a video

camera mechanism with three and five degrees of freedom. The

assembly of components was not attractive with the use of controls,

but the use of cameras was interesting to identify objects. The

Changiz robot was originally developed by MIT scientists in 1989,

one of the first examples of cheap robots. Another feature of this

robot was the type of behavioral algorithm that behaved like a

real insect. In the 21st century, unmanned

cars entered the field, which still have a long route ahead of their horizons.